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        GMAT考试词汇精选(MP3+文本) 第322期:Unit39—5

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        1.updraft n. 上升气流(an upward movement of gas(as air)
        词根记忆:up(向上)+draft(排水,排气)--向上排气--上升气流
        2.upheaval n.大变动(radical change)
        词根记忆:来自upheave(v.举起,鼓起)
        例:social upheaval社会大变动
        3.upholstered a.装软垫的( to be furnished with or as if with upholstery)
        例:upholstered chairs软椅
        4.upstate a.在州北部的(be in the northern sections of a state)
        词根记忆:up(上)+state(州)--地图上位于州上方的--州北部的
        例:upstate New York纽约州北部地区
        5.upstream ad.向上游 a.位于上游的(in the direction opposite to the flow of a stream)
        例:The distribution of water allocations for irrigation is to prevent farms upstream from using water needed by farms downstream.
        6.upsurge n.急剧上升(a rapid rise)
        词根记忆:up(向上)+surge(波动)--向上波动--急剧上升
        例:What accounts for this upsurge in unionization among clerical workers?
        7.urbanization n.都市化(the quality or state of being urbanized or the process of becoming urbanized)
        词根记忆:来自urbanize(v.使都市化)
        例:The populations of these cantons shared similar views because urbanization furthered the diffusion of ideas among them.
        8.urbanize v.使…都市化(to cause to take on urban characteristics)
        词根记忆:urban(都市)+ize(…化)--使…都市化
        例:The influx of new businesses urbanized the small town.
        例:urbanization(n.都市化)
        9.urchin n.海胆(any of numerous echinoderms that are usually enclosed in thin brittle globular tests covered with movable s pines)
        例:sea urchin 海胆
        重点单词   查看全部解释    
        characteristics [,kærəktə'ristiks]

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        n. 特性,特征;特质;特色(characteristi

         
        influx ['inflʌks]

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        n. 流入,河口,辐辏 涌进; 汇集[C][S1] an

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        movement ['mu:vmənt]

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        n. 活动,运动,移动,[音]乐章

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        surge [sə:dʒ]

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        n. 汹涌,澎湃
        v. 汹涌,涌起,暴涨

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        stream [stri:m]

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        n. (人,车,气)流,水流,组
        v. 流动,

         
        radical ['rædikəl]

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        adj. 激进的,基本的,彻底的
        n. 激进分

         
        enclosed

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        adj. 被附上的;与世隔绝的 v. 附上(enclos

         
        distribution [.distri'bju:ʃən]

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        n. 分发,分配,散布,分布

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        urban ['ə:bən]

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        adj. 城市的,都市的

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        upholstery [ʌp'həulstəri]

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        n. 室内装潢品(地毯,窗帘等)

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